Ballona Institute
Los Angeles, California

Lorquinia Annotated Index:
Lorquin Natural History Club

Robert Jan van de Hoek
May 3, 2014

The Lorquin Natural History Club (LNHC) was founded in 1913 by a 30 year old middle-aged man named Fordyce Grinnell, Jr. He was interested in lepidoptera (butterflies and moths). He had a secondary parallel interest in plants (botany). For employment, Fordyce was a school teacher in Los Angeles with a college degree from Throop Institute in Pasadena. Fordyce actively recruited 10 young teen-aged adolescent boys with an interest in butterflies to become the charter members. However, one boy named Paul Ruthling was interested in snakes. Three years later in 1916, the Club decided to publish a periodical bulletin on a monthly basis which was called LORQUINIA. Paul Ruthling was the first editor for approximately one year, from 1916 to 1917. LORQUINIA was short-lived, lasting only through the end of 1917. In 1918, there were no issues were published. However, in January, 1919, a final issue was published after a one year hiatus, as an occasional publication. Clearly, there was still hope to publish the bulletin on a less frequent basis, alas, there were no more issues of Lorquinia. Interestingly, one year later, in 1920, LORQUINIA resurfaced with a new name called Southwest Science Bulletin, which had only two issues, once in 1920 and another issue in 1921. The articles were mostly on butterflies with one article on plants. A few years later in 1928, the remaining members of the Lorquin Natural History Club changed the name to the Lorquin Entomological Society. At that time the Club changed focus changed dramatically to studying only insects, mostly butterflies, but occasionally other insects such as beetles were studied.

At first, in 1913-1915, only teen-aged boys could be active members, except for Fordyce Grinnell, Jr. However, in 1915, adult men such as Mr. Chace (shell collector - conchologist) is allowed to be an associate member and soon becomes an active adult member alongside Fordyce Grinnell. A year later, in 1916, women and additional adult men are allowed to join as associate members. A renowned herpetologist at the American Museum of Natural History, Miss Cynthia Dickerson joined as an associate member. Also, Dr. Sarah Atsatt, first woman professor in Biology (zoology and herpetology) at UCLA also joins as an associate member. Interestingly, several mothers of the teen-aged boys also join the Club as associate members. In addition, wo very famous distinguished California Zoologists were associate members, namely Dr. Joseph Grinnell and Dr. Carl Hubbs. And a reverend with a passionate interest in botany, from mosses, to lichens, to flowering plants, named George Moxley became active in the Club. As I hope you can see, the early period of the first 5 years of the Lorquin Natural History Club from 1913 to 1917 were very interesting years with dynamic changes as the Club reached to approximately 100 members.


Atsatt: surname of Dr. Sarah R. Atsatt, first UCLA Woman biology professor (herpetologist), who joined LNHC in 1917. Volume 1:39; 2:5.
Azolla: scientific name for a an aquatic fern called Azolla filiculoides that is small and floats on calm water. LORQUINIA volume 1:44.


Boisduval: French doctor, naturalist and friend of Lorquin (named butterfly - Lorquin Admiral). F. Grinnell article on Lorquin & Boisduval. L 2:20-21.


Cypraea: scientific name of a coastal marine wetland snail. LORQUINIA volume 1:43, 53.
Chester: first name of Mr. Collins; article author on California deer conservation. LORQUINIA 1:51-52.
Collins: surname for Chester; article author on California deer conservation. LORQUINIA 1:51-52.
conservation: California deer conservation, by Chester Collins of Voltaire, CA. LORQUINIA 1:51-52.


Deer: deer conservation in California by Chester Collins. L 1:51-52.


Elwin: surname of Robert Elwin, early charter member of LNHC.
Ernest: first name of Ernest Meek, LNHC member that discovered moth Fordyce Grinnell wrote article.


Fordyce: first name of Fordyce Grinnell Jr., founder of LNHC in 1913.


Grinnell: surname of LNHC Founder Fordyce Grinnell Jr. L 1:1, 2-3, 39, 82; 2:20-21.


Hubbs: LNHC club memter who is a herpetologist and ichthyologist. Author of article in LORQUINIA of fishes in LA County region.
Haliotis: marine snail at Point Fermin.


Insects: Many kinds reported in LORQUINIA from butterflies to wasps to beetles.


Joseph: first name of Joseph Grinnell and associate member of LNHC.


Kingsnake: Paul Ruthling reported this snake in LORQUINIA article.


Lloyd B. Austin: Boulder Lodge at Switzer's Camp in San Gabriels, future natural history laboratory designed and built by Mr. Austin. L 1:46
Lorquin: French naturalist in California in 19th Century that collected butterflies, including the Lorquin Admiral, the name of the LNHC and periodical monthly bulleting of 1916-1919.


Melampus: scientific name of a coastal wetland snail. LORQUINIA volume 1:52-53.


Nudibranch: gastropod snail (marine slug)
Nutcracker: bird reported in Lorquinia by Fordyce Grinnell.


Oliver: surname of a botanical explorer that discovered the Los Angeles Sunflower on the Los Angeles River in the late 19th Century (late 1800s).
oliveri: scientific species epithet of a plant called the Los Angeles Sunflower. L 1:32.


Paleontology: article on fossils in Los Angeles.
Palm Spring
Playa del Rey


Quercus: scientific name for oak tree. LORQUINIA volume 1:3, 18-21, 31.


Richter: surname of naturalist youth member of LNHC and author of Lorquinia article.
Ruthling: LNHC charter member, president, and editor of LORQUINIA from 1916-1917.


Switzer: Camp and cabins in San Gabriel Mountains above Pasadena; possible natural history field laboratory.
Switzer's Camp {L-1(6): 46 [January 1917]}: Boulder Lodge at Switzer's Camp is a note of a few paragraphs by the Lorqunia editor and president, Paul Ruthling.
Switzer's Trail {L-1(11): 81-82 [June 1917]}: Rare native plant called Barberry, Odostemon fascicularis, reported by Fordyce Grinnell, Jr.
Switzer's Camp {L-1(11):87 [June 1917]}: Announcements of LNHC - Field Trips - July 7th-8th - Special Club Meeting at Boulder Lodge.
Santa Ana River
Santa Anita
Santa Susanna
San Gabriel Mountains:
San Pedro
San Bernardino Mountains
Seco: Arroyo Seco


Tujunga: Indian word for a stream in San Fernando Valley.
Trivia: scientific name of a marine snail of tidepools in LA.


Umbellularia: scientific name for Bay Tree in LA mountains.


Vanessa: butterfly


Washingtonia: scientific name of native plant that interested LNHC member George Moxley.
Willow: native tree of streamsides.
Willett: surname of George Willet, zoologist of LA County Museum of Natural History.
Wash: name of dry stream beds in Los Angeles County, i.e Pacoima Wash, Tujunga Wash.
West Adams: historic homes at western edge of LA in 1913-1917 period of early LNHC field trips to Ballona Creek.
Wasp: rare species of wasp reported by F. Grinnell on LA River near Elysian Park.
Wilson: Mt. Wilson is a mountain peak above Pasadena with interesting native plants and observatory.
Washingtonia: scientific name for a marine plant commonly known as eelgrass. LORQUINIA volume 1:66 & 67.


Xantusia: scientific name of a lizard found in the Mohave Desert in Yucca plants. LORQUINIA volume 1:xx.


Yucca: scientific name of desert plant of Xantusia Night Lizard. L 1:66 & 67.


Zauschneria: scientific name of native plant that interested LNHC member George Moxley.
Zostera: scientific name for a marine plant commonly known as eelgrass. LORQUINIA volume 1:66 & 67.