Compiled and Edited by
Robert Jan "Roy" van de Hoek
Ballona Institute & Wetlands Action Network
322 Culver Blvd., Suite 317
Playa del Rey, California 90293
Ralph Hoffmann made this observation about three-fourths of a century ago in 1927, about 8 years after moving here from the eastern United States. As headmaster of a private boys school in Carpinteria, he still found time to do birding with his field glass and make an observation of Juncos in winter.
I was attracted to Hoffmann's comment about a Walnut orchard in Carpinteria, which I presume no longer exists, but interestingly, there is a agricultural history of tree orchards near the coastal wetlands of the Carpinteria estuary. What effect would this orchard have on the environment of the estuary and coastal wetlands?