Robert Jan van de Hoek
Ballona Institute
Los Angeles, California
May 5, 2020

          The SEA OF CORTEZ 'source book' by Edward Ricketts was published on December 7, 1941. The Scientific Appendix begins with the following stand-alone prefatory statement on page 281:

"Consisting of an annotated catalog of the species encountered, a bibliography and résumé of the literature, and a summary the present state of our knowledge with regard to the littoral natural history of the the Gulf of California, together comprising materials for a source book on the marine invertebrates of the Panamic Faunal Province."

          The next 300+ pages (282 to 586) begins with the following title, Annotated Phyletic Catalogue and Bibliography, followed by an Introduction, and then jumps right into listing the hundreds of references and hundreds of species systematically

Annotated Phyletic Catalogue and Bibliography

§ A-1

§ B-1

§ C-1

§ D-1

§ E-1

§ F-1

§ G-1

§ H-1

§ J-1

§ K-1

§ L-1

§ M-1

§ N-1

§ O-1

§ P-1

§ R-1

§ S-1

§ T-1

§ U-1

Phylum Chordata
Subphylum Hemichordata -Enteropneusta


§ V-1.           Horst, C. J. van der 1927-1939. Hemichordata." Bronn Klass, ,,,,,
                    Cited for its value as a monograph and as a general orientation account.
                    Dr. Bullock writes: " . . . finally completed, this generous monograph makes survey of any Enteropneust problem easy, includes synopses of every known species.
                    Point out priority of Saccoglossus over Dolichoglossus," p. 406.

§ V-2.

§ V-3.

§ V-4.

§ V-5.

§ V-6.

§ V-7.

§ V-8.

§ V-9.

For most of the information supplied herein,
for help with the literature,
for determining (so far as could be done) the fragmentary material we collected,
for the illustrations herein reproduced, and
for checking this portion of the phyletic catalogue,
we have to thank Dr. T. H. Bullock, of the Osborn Zoological Laboratory at Yale University.


§ V-11.

§ V-12.

§ V-13.

Subphylum Urochordata - (The Tunicates)

§ V-101. Ritter, W. E. 1907. "The Ascidians collected by the U. S. Fisheries steamer Albatross on the coast of California during the summer of 1904." Univ. Calif. Publ. Zool., Vol. 4 (1): 1-52, Pls. 1-3.

§ V-102.

§ V-103.

§ V-104.

§ V-105.

§ V-106.

§ V-107.

For determining our Gulf specimens,
for checking over this portion of the phyletic catalogue, and
for much co-operation and assistance, both in this connection and previously,
we have to thank Dr. Willard G. Van Name, American Museum of Natural History, New York City.


Compound Tunicates

p. 422 Van Name 1930 (§ V-105
§ V-109.           Polyclinum sp. probably new species.

Simple Tunicates

FAMILY PYURIDAE, Van Name 1930 (§ V-105) p. 495.
§ V-117 Pyura sp. probably new species.

FAMILY ASCIDIIDAE.. Van Name 1930 (§ V-105) p. 459. § V-118 Ascidia sp. Probably new species or subspecies.

§ V-119


10 species were taken, of which

As with the sponges, the Southern California collector would feel very much at home in the Gulf, the tropical forms representing a minority in the total number of species.......


Subphylum Cephalochordata (Leptocardia)
The Lancelets

§ V-201.           Hubbs, Carl L. 1922. "A list of the lancelets of the world . . . "
                    Occ. Papers, Mus. Zool. Univ. Michigan, No. 105: 16 pp.

                    A revision, with keys to the families and genera. 2 species are recorded
                    from the Pacific American coasts, including (p. 15)
                    Branchiostoma elongata from Galápagos and Chile. No bibliography.

§ V-202.           See also lancelet references in citation applying to the
                    fishes, pp. 570-8, especially Meek and Hildebrand 1923 (sect; W-9).

§ V-203.           Branchiostoma californiense Andrews. 1893.
                    Meek and Hildebrand 1923 (§W-9), taken abundantly in
                    sand dredger at Chame Point, Panama, p. 28.

                    Hubbs, 1922 (§V-201), p. 11, description, Monterey to San Luis Gonzales, Gulf.

                    The only species occurring in the region. Determined by Dr. L. P. Schultz, Curator of Fishes, United States National Museum.
                    Taken at two only points in the Gulf, and abundantly at neither,
                    whereas we expected to find this sand flat animal widespread and common as it has been is southern California in the past.
                    A few specimens were taken on the outside of a sand bar at San Lucas Cove (south of Santa Rosalia), and again on the sand flats at Angeles Bay.
                    The tide in both was inadequate for collecting of this sort, however, and it may well be the we took merely the high-up strays of large colonies deeper down.

§ W-1

§ X-1

§ Y-1


If I were to complete this essay without mention of at least one animal and one algae and one plant and plankton and one specific place on the Pacific coast, in this essay, I would be remiss, and a good way to do so would be to elaborate on what Joel Hedgpeth referred to in his book review in the phrase, "cross-reference" which is the use of of a symbol, seldom used in English, but which Ed liked, John acknowledged, and Joel promoted, which is called a 'section symbol' and provides an effective method to refer to species and to find the species in revised editions with changed page numbers, and in other books, so the technique goes beyond a page number, to guide us to find species in books, and that section symbol has the appearance of two overlapping 's' letters ( '§'), which is relatively easy to find on a computer keyboard in the 21st Century.

This 'section symbol' code ("§") is used effectively in both BETWEEN PACIFIC TIDES and in the SEA OF CORTEZ and would have been implemented again in the proposed and planned book, "THE OUTER SHORES" if Ed had not died suddenly in 1948, and if John had not lost the energy and spirit to complete the book with his friend, Ed, as a posthumous coauthor, and printed and published circa 1953, when the article by Joel Hedgpeth appeared in PACIFIC DISCOVERY, and where the public first learned widely that there was going to be a third book by Edward Ricketts about the wonder of seashore animals as a kind of 'Pacific Discovery' about the 'California Wild' that was supposed to be a joint effort.

And finally, not yet mentioned here, but only discovered recently in the unpublished writings and journals of Ed Ricketts, we now know that Ed had planned a 4th book to encompass the sweep of the North Pacific from the Equatorial Tropics to the North Pole, not just the eastern North Pacific but the western North Pacific of Japan, Korea, Russia, and China, to be entitled, 'NATURAL HISTORY OF THE NORTH PACIFIC OCEAN: SEASHORE & PLANKTON' as a title he suggested but I have supplemented here, knowing that Ed had become deeply interested in plankton, as well as the seashore. I could have added 'Cultural' alongside 'Natural' and 'Geography' as both people and place are prominent in the works of Ed, whether in his 2 book, or his published writings in newspapers and magazines, covering a period of publication from circa 1920 to 1948, a period nearly 30 years of writing by a renaissance man indeed.

SEA of CORTEZ Revisited, or CANNERY ROW Revised
Joel W. Hedgpeth
Pacific Discovery
Volume 6, Number 1, page 28-30
January 1953
Toward the end of 1941 a well-known novelist by the name of John Steinbeck, and Edward F. Ricketts, a marine biologist of less renown to the world at large, presented to the somewhat bewildered world of letters a thick book about a collecting trip to the Gulf of California, under the title: Sea of Cortez: a leisurely journal of travel and research. With a scientific appendix comprising materials for a source book on the marine animals of the Panamic faunal province. To the critics who were convinced that something was wrong with Steinbeck as a writer, this sort of cioppino of travel, biology and philosophy was full of clues and material for essays, and in recent years three such essays have appeared in the Pacific Spectator alone.

At least one well known reviewer of nature books somewhat innocently thought that the colleagues of the learned Mr. Ricketts would be surprised to learn that he drank great quantities of beer, and wrote, or concurred in certain bawdy speculations. He did not, however, miss the fundamental point that the book was the joint effort of two authors, who had a lot of fun putting it together.

That was ten years ago. Steinbeck and Ricketts had such a good time with this enterprise that they planned another -- northward, this time -- at first, to the Aleutians, then more realistically, to the Queen Charlottes; and Ricketts began to develop a scheme to interlock his Between Pacific Tides with Sea of Cortez and the new book, The Outer Shores, which was to be in part the result of this northern expedition. He had an elaborate set of cards in two sizes and several colors printed to record all this information, with spaces for cross references to the other books. In the meanwhile, Ed Ricketts had become the Doc of Cannery Row and the legend was beginning to grow. Then one day in 1948 Ed forgot about the afternoon train to Pacific Grove and drove his car into its path. It was not a pleasant or an easy way to die, and the manner of it increased our sense of loss. For many of us, the heart has gone out of Cannery Row now, and only the curious passers-by go down to look at the shack that was once the Pacific Biological Laboratories. Steinbeck was the hardest hit, because Ed was perhaps the only friend who was not in the least awed by his reputation as a writer and treated him first as a human being.